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Conquerors: Roots of New World Horsemanship by Dr. Deb Bennett

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Yearning for a horse book rich with delicious tales? Looking for a solidly-researched volume on the history of horsemanship? Whether you rein a Quarter Horse, travel on a Tennessee Walker, breed for color, ride a smooth Paso, or admire the Andalusian, Dr. Deb Bennett’s new book is certain to engage your interest. Truly a feast of little-known facts, “Conquerors— The Roots of New World Horsemanship” cogently links the traditions of the ancients with the cattle-handling methods of the conquistadors, gauchos, vaqueros, and cowboys of the New World.

No matter how you ride, you have probably heard of the hackamore as a piece of training equipment. But did you know that its history threads back through California to Mexico, Spain, and North Africa to the ancient kingdom of Persia? Or that once upon a time, before Mexican craftsmen discovered how to manufacture a working saddle horn, vaqueros tied their ropes hard and fast to their cinches— or to their horses’ stout tails?

Lest you think that Spanish horsemanship involves only the “Western” rider, there are important chapters exploring the links between hunting, gaited riding, dressage, reining, cutting— and mounted bullfighting. Beginning with Columbus’ second voyage in 1493, the seeds of all of these were ferried across the Atlantic to the Americas. Bennett surveys Old World riding styles, saddle making traditions, arms and armor not as isolated “phases” in the development of modern horsemanship, but to uncover the roots of the Spanish and Portuguese attitudes, beliefs, and technology which gave rise to current American practices. Linking the knights of old with the knights of the plains, Bennett provides convincing proof that “communicating with horses” is as old as the first attempt to bring this magnificent animal into domestication.

Necks arched, manes flying, eyes flashing, the horses occupy center stage throughout. Of great interest to the horse breeder, Bennett charts the natural origin of major world bloodlines, following up with hundreds of photographs showcasing more than 40 living and antique types of horse. Both “gaited” and trotting lines are represented— and not merely Andalusians, Pasos, and Appaloosas, but the rarely mentioned Azteca, Criollo, Mangalarga, Campolina, Corallero, Mustangs, and Baguales. With an extensive index and bibliography, here is an invaluable reference to the places and dates of first importation for every country in the Western Hemisphere that has ever bred horses of Iberian ancestry. Easy to read yet packed with pictures, maps, and information, this much-needed volume is a classic which for many years to come will continue to feed horsemens’ hunger to know.

About the Author
In pursuing a lifelong fascination with horses, Deb Bennett’s Ph.D. in Paleontology has carried her through time from prehistory to study of living breeds. A former staff member of the Smithsonian Institution, she acted as researcher for the prestigious Columbus Quincentenary exhibition Seeds of Change. Author of the three-volume Principles of Conformation Analysis, “Dr. Deb” is a long-time consulting editor for Equus and Conquistador magazines, and maintains a busy international schedule of horsemanship seminars and clinics. Current Director of the Equine Studies Institute, she owns, rides, and trains horses in California.

(hardcover, photos, illustrations, 410 pgs.)

Excerpt from the book:

Pedro Romero, the most renowned Spanish matador of all time, held out for his pupils three guiding principles: parar, mandar, and templar — which translates “stand your ground; hook him on to direct him; and then rate his as you will.”

For centuries, Spain fostered two distinct “seats” or riding styles: a la jineta, the light-armored bowman’s or lance-raider’s style, and a la brida, the knightly style. In the first, the horseman riders with his ankles fellow his hips, with his feet beneath him as he would if he were standing or squatting on the ground, identical to the modern “balanced seat” style. The brida horseman, by contrast, rides with his feet “on the dashboard” and his weight on the back of his fanny. Today this style has no specific name. However, “feet on the dashboard” are still characteristic of British steeplechase jockeys and a century ago the style was still considered the “proper” form over a fence. In the Americas today, a seat indistinguishable from brida is very widely employed by pleasure and gaited-horse riders.

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